Baltimore’s WMAR ABC2 Boosts Speed and Quality of Promo Creation

Creative Services Team Turns Around Timely Spots for “Good Morning Maryland” 

WMAR-TV, a Scripps-owned ABC affiliate station in Baltimore, Maryland, is using the Observer Media Intelligence Platform® to speed up promo creation for its “Good Morning Maryland” newscasts. Using the Observer® system to capture high-resolution aired content, review video, and extract select clips for editing, the creative services team at WMAR-TV can work quickly and collaboratively to turn around 15-second “popical” spots highlighting key moments from a morning newscast.

“The Observer system has become the cornerstone of our GMM promo-creation workflow,” said Alex Shaw, director of creative services at WMAR-TV. “It’s an invaluable tool for creating quick-turn spots involving events or news clips that have just aired. This turnkey solution helps us deliver finished pieces with the relevancy and speed one would expect from a much larger team, allowing us to promote our news in a way that we never could before.”

The Observer system at WMAR-TV continually records the station’s original MPEG-TS broadcast, so the creative services team always knows that it will have ready desktop access to editable, full-resolution footage needed for “Good Morning Maryland” promos. The process begins with one staff member using the Observer browser-based interface to access a lower-resolution proxy version of the recorded transport stream, employing the GUI’s intuitive control functions to locate and mark key clips for export (in full resolution) into a shared folder. The team’s editor can then instantly view this content and run it through a transcoder for immediate finishing work in Final Cut Pro.

WMAR-TV also uses the Volicon system for proof-of-performance spots and ad verification applications. Because the Observer allows multiple simultaneous users to access recorded material, different departments across the station can take advantage of the system’s store of HD content at any time.

“The Observer system provides users with a valuable, high-resolution pool of aired content and makes this content readily available for review at desktops across a facility or enterprise,” said Andrew Sachs, vice president of product management at Volicon. “This unique and powerful combination of MPEG-TS recording and proxy-based viewing and clipping has long been deployed for engineering, monitoring, and troubleshooting. Now, we’re seeing broadcasters leverage it in an ever-growing variety of applications that support their operational and business goals.”


Automated Captioning and Media Accessibility Compliance Monitoring

An Efficient, Cost-Effective, Scalable Model for Meeting  FCC Requirements for March 

Growth in broadcast channels, OTT services, and foreign distribution outlets has combined with new FCC regulatory requirements governing closed-captioning accuracy, synchronicity, and completeness to create new challenges for video program owners and distributors.

The accessibility of video content has been a growing concern over the past three decades, and the FCC has addressed this issue with ever more comprehensive and specific closed-captioning regulations. Cumulatively, these regulations have the effect of requiring captioning not only on broadcast content, but also on previously broadcast long-form content — and clips excerpted from it — shown online.

New caption-quality standards introduced at the beginning of 2014 specifically target accuracy, synchronicity with the words being spoken, completeness from the beginning to the end of the program, and placement so that the captions occlude or otherwise interfere with important on-screen information. At the same time, the 21st Century Video Accessibility Act (CVAA) that extended accessibility requirements to Internet content also requires broadcast affiliates and cable channels with the top market shares to begin providing video description for at least 50 hours of content per quarter.

While these regulations both increase accessibility and enhance the overall quality of programming, they also present video program owners and distributors with an enormous challenge — that of implementing scalable, cost-effective monitoring of closed-captioning and descriptive video services (DVS).

The FCC’s most recently published closed-captioning rules — and similar closed caption and video description legislation throughout the world — make it important both to pursue best-practices with captioning providers and to deploy internal monitoring and correction procedures to ensure caption quality and compliance. However, given the growing volume of content being created and delivered to a growing number of distribution outlets, conventional methods such as the manual “spot check” have become unsustainable. Because such approaches rely on humans, the associated time and cost grows linearly with the volume of content to be checked — and then multiplies with preparation of content for multiple distribution platforms.

New technologies and strategies for closed-captioning and DVS monitoring provide a valuable new approach to this challenge, enabling video program owners and distributors to ensure that all caption files appear correctly against the right media in the right language at the right time.

Making Compliance Manageable

The monitoring and logging technology long used for compliance in broadcast stations today is being used in conjunction with patented audio search and processing technology to facilitate automated monitoring of the final broadcast output. With this technology, video program owners and distributors can cost-effectively verify that captions and DVS across all of their outputs meet new FCC regulations.

Because digital video logging technology continually captures aired content, along with critical metadata, users can address any queries concerning a specific program simply by dialing back in time and viewing recorded content to determine if closed-captioning was correct. By extracting and exporting a clip with closed-captioning burned in, the user can create an unambiguous visual and aural affidavit of caption placement and timing. This capability supports internal troubleshooting efforts and work with the closed-captioning vendor to prevent future issues, and it also enables a rapid response to any regulatory concerns.

Broadcasters can leverage the as-run log along with this logging and monitoring to perform electronic monitoring of closed-captioning. Alerts via email and SNMP make users aware of possible defects or absences of captioning data in specific programs. The visual log and captured metadata provide both visual and electronic confirmation of compliance (or noncompliance).

The addition of sophisticated audio search and processing technology facilitates analysis of spoken content at unprecedented scale, performance, and accuracy, in turn enabling the automation of file-based closed-captioning, DVS, and spoken-language verification.

For closed-captioning verification, the audio or video file is used along with a sidecar closed-captioning file to identify voice activity within the file to match the caption file with what was actually said. This process confirms whether or not the closed-captioning file is complete and representative of what was spoken — in other words, that it is the correct file — and that it is adequately well-timed. The product of this automated process is a report, complete with time code, which indicates pass/fail grades for captions based on the result of the test parameters. Spoken-language verification goes one step further, scoring the spoken word to validate that the correct language track has been used.

In the case of DVS verification, this processing technology uses the audio or video file for program audio along with the video description track. By comparing the original program audio with the version that has video description inserted, the solution can determine that they are the same, with slight differences (as should be the case), where there are differences, what the nature of those differences is, and if there is in fact voice activity. Through this process, it returns time code segments in which both voice activity and video description are detected, reporting on whether or not it matches the normal program audio, thus validating it and verifying that it aired — if indeed it did.

Finally, this technology enables the realignment of caption files that may have been shifted or delayed as a result of live captioning or frame-rate conversion. It automatically identifies closed-captioning that is out of alignment and dynamically shifts it to match the timing of the spoken words, thereby addressing the FCC’s synchronicity requirement.

A major U.S. network already uses this technology to enable cost-effective closed-captioning monitoring for more than two dozen feeds, as well as to validate that it is meeting its requirements for DVS. Millions of encoded files are analyzed each month in a highly automated process that could require well over a hundred human operators if performed manually.

The combination of its existing logging and monitoring technology with advanced processing technology provides the network with extensive reporting on closed-captioning, DVS, and spoken language, along with rapid access to the source material that’s necessary for compliance. Leveraging the as-run log with this compliance solution, the network can assess the presence or absence of closed-captioning based on time of spoken word; identify language, caption text, and any timing mismatches; determine if closed-captioning ran when it was scheduled; and determine if closed-captioning quality was acceptable.


Closed captioning, video description, and support for multiple languages are growing concerns for broadcasters not only because they are mandated by legislation, but also because they improve the accessibility of content for larger audiences and improve the perceived quality of the overall product. Regulatory requirements are compounded by the growth of demand across a wide range of platforms, creating a multiplier effect that makes automation the only viable choice. Fortunately, the automation of closed-captioning and media accessibility compliance is now possible, offering a significantly more efficient and less expensive approach to meeting key regulatory requirements and enhancing the viewer experience.



Volicon at the 2015 NAB Show

NEW Archiver for the Media Intelligence Platform®

Addressing broadcasters’ need for convenient, cost-effective long-term storage of aired content, Volicon has introduced a new Archiver option for the company’s Observer Media Intelligence Platform®. Providing multiple simultaneous users with random access to an indexed store of full-resolution, high-bit-rate (long-GOP H.264, 9-15 Mbps) content, as well as low-resolution proxies, this option makes programming, promos, and advertisements readily available for use cases ranging from ad verification to repurposing. When years of online storage are required, the Archiver option offers a scalable, high-performance, low-cost alternative to the expensive systems typically implemented for long-term archives. Because it features both baseband (SDI) and transport stream (TS) interfaces and is compatible with any application, the module can be deployed easily in virtually any broadcast environment.

Enhanced Multiviewer for Added Monitoring Convenience
Volicon’s enhanced Multiviewer option for the Media Intelligence Platform® unites the Observer® platform’s recording capability with multiviewer functionality to give users access to multiple live or recorded programs (audio and video), complemented by frame-accurate data, on a monitor wall or other display. In addition to enabling users to keep their eyes and ears on every channel, the option makes it easy to identify and look past audio and video impairments to examine the integrity of metadata. During the 2015 NAB Show, Volicon will demonstrate enhancements including configurable layouts; support for various room, screen, and player sizes; and an array of useful new widgets including clocks and graphs.

Volicon’s OTT offering provides networks, video service providers, and broadcasters with a solution for logging (recording) and monitoring the over-the-top (OTT) A/V services that stream content to computers, tablets, and smartphones. With the same suite of tools already proven for set-top box (STB) and transport stream (TS) monitoring, the solution offers a complete, cost-effective quality monitoring and/or compliance logging solution for multiplatform media delivery. Users can ensure that video-on-demand (VOD) and linear services are available 24/7 at optimal quality, validate service level agreements (SLAs) with content delivery networks (CDNs) using pixel-level verification of cloud delivery and playback, confirm the presence of captioning, and determine that specialized apps are providing optimal quality of experience. In addition to providing a true recording of services, the system facilitates remote streaming and review, as well as in-depth analysis of both unencrypted and encrypted content.

During the 2015 NAB Show, Volicon will demonstrate how its OTT offering ingests content from each point in the OTT pipeline — including all variety of target mobile devices — not only to provide a valuable look at how consumers experience streamed content, but also to supply rich data that speeds isolation and resolution of any quality issues for content viewed on any device.

Capture and Share
The Capture and Share applications for Volicon’s Media Intelligence Platform® help broadcasters capture media from a variety of sources and quickly produce and deliver compelling content to viewers via on-air broadcast, as well as digital and social media platforms. Together, Capture and Share facilitate the capture, extraction, processing, and distribution of content in the appropriate format for virtually any target outlet and device. In a fresh approach to multiplatform content creation and delivery, these applications leverage the Media Intelligence Platform’s unique content-recording capabilities and intuitive user interface to provide a much faster and more cost-effective model than is possible with conventional recording, editing, and packaging solutions.


Volicon and Nexidia Press Conference at the 2015 NAB Show:
On Sunday, April 12, Volicon and Nexidia will hold a joint press conference to discuss advanced solutions for closed-captioning quality compliance, an issue that recent FCC guidelines have brought to the forefront of broadcasters’ concerns. Scheduled for 11 a.m. PST in room N242 at the Las Vegas Convention Center, the press conference will highlight the latest enhancements to the two companies’ solution for scalable, cost-effective monitoring of closed-captioning quality.

Volicon Announces Collaboration With Adobe to Accelerate Capture and Editing of Broadcast Content

Integration of Volicon’s Observer® Technology With Adobe Premiere Pro CC Enables Users to Complete Edits Within Minutes Rather Than Hours or Days

Volicon is collaborating with Adobe to enable an exceptionally rapid workflow for capturing aired content and making it instantly available in Adobe® Premiere® Pro CC video editing software. Using Volicon’s Observer Media Intelligence Platform® along with Adobe Premiere Pro CC, broadcasters and other content producers can radically accelerate the repurposing of aired audio and video for rebroadcast, bringing breaking news promos, sports highlights, weather updates, and other timely pieces to air very quickly and simply.

“Networks and stations use the Observer’s full HD encoders to capture and deliver content to air, so it’s no stretch to leverage Observer-recorded broadcasts to support and speed time-sensitive edit workflows for the many broadcasters working with Adobe Premiere Pro CC,” said Andrew Sachs, vice president of product management at Volicon. “The open environment offered by Adobe Premiere Pro CC facilitates a seamless handoff of content from the Observer system, without the need to ‘flip’ files. With this capability, a single editor can access, transfer, and edit content in a fraction of the time often required for repurposing.”

The Observer Media Intelligence Platform, equipped with Volicon’s Capture application, provides an easy-to-use and cost-effective live or linear acquisition solution that works across the diversity of sources: baseband, MPEG-TS, or post-STB. Recording around the clock, the platform can encode live, network contribution, and cable/satellite/IPTV feeds and make them available within seconds to users — without the costs and constraints of user-based licensing — via an intuitive browser-based interface.

Working with the Observer® interface, multiple editors can review content as it is captured, immediately clip high-value footage, and push long GOP H.264-encoded media clips directly to Adobe Premiere Pro CC. Supporting a range of incoming containers and codecs, Adobe Premiere Pro CC accepts this content from the Observer platform without requiring any time-consuming transcoding or repackaging.

“Adobe Premiere Pro CC not only provides broadcasters with powerful video editing tools, but also enables highly efficient workflows built on smooth integration with other best-in-class solutions,” said Simon Williams, director of strategic alliances at Adobe. “Using the combination of the Observer platform with Adobe Premiere Pro CC is so straightforward that users can simply export media from the Volicon system directly into their edit timeline. Editors can focus on the creative aspects of their work while reducing the overall time required to turn around projects.”

Quincy Broadcast Group newsrooms, with more than 12 broadcast stations across the United States, already take advantage of this product pairing to reduce their promo-creation time from days to just minutes. In as little as one second after video airs, even during an ongoing broadcast, users in the promo department can export footage directly into an Adobe Premiere Pro CC timeline to begin editing and adding graphics. There is no need to draw on other station resources to shoot or provide video, perform voiceovers, or add effects. Using only the tools provided by the Observer and Adobe Premiere Pro CC, a single staff member at any given Quincy station can package a promo, ready for air, within 30 minutes.

Overview of Volicon’s Solution for Closed Captioning

Volicon has a long history of monitoring closed-captioning text and today the observer platform is installed in over 90% of the broadcasters providing this capability. The effective monitoring of closed-captioning has become essential because in 2014 the FCC implemented its first quality standards for closed-captioning. Those standards have since been finalized, and they will go into effect in January 2015.

In short, these FCC closed caption quality standards create four subjective standards for closed captions: accuracy in indicating dialog, sounds, music, and speakers; synchronicity, in that captions are aligned in time and appear at a speed that can be read; completeness, meaning the full program duration; and placement so that captions do not occlude faces, key graphics, or important on-screen text.

These standards are important today not only because the FCC has made them law, but also because quality captioning is critical to viewers’ quality of experience (QoE). High-quality closed-captioning makes programming more accessible and consumable for a broad array of viewers. As much as 25 percent of viewers, including the hard of hearing and many others, take advantage of closed-captioning at home, at the gym, in restaurants, and in other venues in which audio is low or nonexistent.

Meeting these new captioning standards will be challenging not only because the bar has been set higher, but also because networks and video programming providers (VPDs) will likely field a much higher volume of complaints about captioning now that the law addresses quality. To handle both of these factors effectively, providers need a way to monitor to improve caption quality and to respond to captioning inquiries quickly and unambiguously without increasing OPEX — the time or human resources dedicated to closed-captioning monitoring. The Volicon Observer system allows users to easily achieve these objectives.

Originally engineered to enable broadcasters to address compliance requests including captioning, Volicon’s Observer technology has evolved into the preeminent compliance solution. The system continually records broadcast content and subsequently enables fast access to suspect segments, which can be clipped and exported with burned-in closed-captioning that serves as unambiguous proof of compliance, or lack thereof.

Equipped with extended capabilities, the Observer Media Intelligence Platform empowers broadcasters not only to monitor aired content and ensure compliance with standards and regulations governing loudness, metadata, decency, and captions, but also to repurpose content — complete with accurate retimed captioning — for the Web, social media platforms, and mobile services. Given the 2010 CVAA online captioning law, this is a critical step in delivering compliant captioned content and, in turn, taking advantage of new revenue-generation opportunities.

For caption-quality spot checks, the Observer’s live multiviewer feature provides media and data — an accurate closed-captioning overlay — to enable periodic at-a-glance review with respect to timing, accuracy, completeness, and correctness. Manual review functions allow users to dial back to the target time and date and check caption quality. The Observer system also can generate a closed-captioning compliance report that provides detail and summary performance data on both programs and channels. By providing alarms when bad captions are identified, the Observer system supports proactive handling of captioning issues.

The flexibility of the system in handling multiple caption tracks and all caption formats (608, 708, SCTE-20), and even post-set-top box, means that users can perform caption checks from origination to STB output. Through a partnership with Nexidia, Volicon also offers an automated solution that brings efficiency to caption-quality compliance in even the largest media facilities.

Compliance is at the heart of the Observer system, and with it, users can stand prepared for Jan. 15, when the FCC standards governing captioning finally come into full effect.


Quincy Drives Higher News Ratings With Observer-Enabled Promo-Creation

By Brady Dreasler, corporate director of television engineering at Quincy Newspapers Inc.

In 2012 we standardized Quincy broadcast stations’ transport stream verification on Volicon Observer video monitoring and logging systems. Given our previous experience with Volicon systems, along with ongoing development of the Observer product line, it was clear that the Observer was a solid choice for around-the-clock recording and monitoring of all off-air content. Over the past couple of years, however, we have found a far more valuable use for these systems: the creation of compelling and timely promotions for our live news and weather programs.

Promotion in the news business is huge because they can demonstrate to viewers a station’s leadership position in providing timely coverage and reporting. After our station’s airs live breaking news about an event such as a weather emergency or fire, it is important that staff there can immediately run a proof-of-performance promo that includes a series of clips from the broadcast.

In the past our stations relied on the promotion manager to assign a staff member to record the broadcast, and then for the staff member to follow through and actually trigger the recording. Unfortunately, this was an unreliable process, and content often went unrecorded, leaving the promotion manager without the material required to create a proof-of-performance promo. Even when content was recorded to tape, it could take days to access the right video, edit it, and complete a promo.

The Observer’s ability to record aired content continually offered us a significantly more effective alternative and one that has dramatically increased the system’s value within our operations. With this Volicon system, we never miss a promo opportunity.

Fourteen of our stations use the Observer to capture the full MPEG transport stream, maintaining 14 days’ worth of high-resolution content on the system for promo creation. Using the Observer’s browser-based interface, a single staff member in the promotions department can quickly and simply identify and extract video from the aired news program. Just one second after video is aired, even during an ongoing broadcast, the user can export footage directly into an Adobe Premiere timeline and begin editing and adding graphics. There is no need to draw on other station resources to shoot or provide video, perform voiceovers, or add effects. Using only the tools provided by the Observer and Premiere systems, a single staff member can package a promo, ready for air, within 30 minutes.

The Observer system has become one of just a few technologies that our stations’ promotion teams consider critical to doing their jobs effectively. Every day, they benefit from the savings in time and effort enabled by this Volicon technology. Equally important is the impact of rapid promo creation on our business.

News viewers pay attention to which station is going to offer the best coverage of breaking news, and they tune in accordingly. When we can show in a timely and engaging way that we cover this news well, it enhances our credibility and helps to drive our ratings higher. Observer systems have aided us in creating several Emmy Awards for our news coverage. As our company acquires additional broadcast stations, we’ll very quickly make the Observer a part of their day-to-day operations, as well.

Published in TVTechnology December 2014

Paving a Smooth Road to Multiplatform Content Delivery

Broadcasters today face a complex mix of challenges and new opportunities. While existing economic conditions have put continued pressure on broadcasters to do more with less, resulting in the consolidation of operations and/or reduction in human and technical resources, the  demand by consumers for multiplatform media has escalated, presenting new possibilities for leveraging content already being created for air.

To strengthen brand awareness and even generate additional revenues from aired content, broadcasters must establish a fast and cost-effective model for capturing the content they air; altering that content for consumption on computers, tablets, and smartphones; and delivering the resulting output to the appropriate outlet or platform in the proper format. Addressing all of these requirements, Volicon has enhanced its digital video monitoring and logging technology to provide a flexible foundation for quickly building successful and competitive multiplatform content distribution services.

Volicon’s new Observer® Media Intelligence Platform (MIP)™ along with its 5 applications (Capture, Share, Review, Monitor and Comply)  is an example of how powerful the unique content-recording capabilities and highly refined user interfaces of advanced video monitoring and logging systems can be in supporting multiplatform services. Volicon’s Observer technology which already supports thousands of broadcast channels worldwide, has been tailored within the new Media Intelligence Platform to accelerate the creation and delivery of quality content across multiple industry platforms.

A series of complementary applications lends versatility to the platform and its deployment. Users can customize MIP to their business and technical needs, taking advantage of the platform in one or many different applications — from compliance, quality assurance, and competitive analysis to production and repurposing for digital and social media outlets.

Within the repurposing workflow enabled by this platform, broadcasters can now capture media from a variety of sources and quickly produce and deliver compelling content to viewers who watch on-air broadcast service or access video via Web, mobile, and OTT services. At the front end of this workflow, the Capture application for MIP makes it easy to capture media from a variety of sources and rapidly bring it directly into the media asset management (MAM) system and editing workflow.

With flexible media ingest options, MIP with Capture application offers a robust yet cost-effective alternative to expensive dedicated capture stations. Low-resolution proxy versions of content are created along with the True HD (1080i 25/30, 720p 50/60) recording, so authorized users can access, review, and edit content at any time, from anywhere and quickly create content with quality suitable for virtually any outlet.

The Share application within MIP allows the broadcaster to streamline and accelerate the process of publishing content to a diverse array of digital platforms, supporting a wide variety of container and encoding requirements. One-button publishing profiles ensure that content is processed appropriately to meet these requirements, thus making it easy for broadcasters to target content for websites, YouTube, Twitter, and Facebook. The Share application also can incorporate closed-captioning text that accompanies aired content into the multiplatform output,  so that compliance with accessibility regulations is maintained. Guaranteeing compatibility not only with the requirements of key outlets, but also those of government regulations, the platform allows desktop users to create and distribute multiplatform content with speed and confidence.

For other valuable use cases such as on-air content review, ad placement verification, and competitive analysis, Volicon offers the Review application. Equipped with the Review application, MIP makes live and historical broadcast content and ratings data available to users in the high- or low-resolution format appropriate to their viewing device and network connection capabilities. With such flexible access to media, broadcasters and their partners can conveniently review and analyze their broadcasts, and those of competitors.

Drawing on the robust monitoring capabilities developed over years for the Observer product line, the Monitor application for MIP supports video quality monitoring, provides fault reports and automated alarms, and supplies the full recording of the on-air broadcast for instant review of errors and their impact. Volicon has newly incorporated a Multiviewer feature with recording capability into the application to allow viewing of multiple channels side by side on a standard display. If a suspect stream is detected, users can immediately pull up that stream – live or recorded – on the desktop interface for further evaluation.

Finally, Volicon offers the Comply application, which enables broadcasters to record, clip, and export their broadcast outputs and, in turn, provide an unambiguous visual affidavit of compliance with regulatory and licensing requirements including decency, closed captioning, and loudness.

Yielding the many valuable capabilities developed by Volicon in response to industry demand — and in conjunction with its customers within the television broadcast industry — the Observer Media Intelligence Platform supports an end-to-end workflow that can give the user a competitive edge in publishing content to its own website and services, as well as to other popular websites and platforms.

TV Tech: Audio Loudness Still a Hot Topic Customers continue to have questions

NEW YORK—Time flies. It’s been nearly four years since Congress passed H.R. 1084/S. 2847, commonly referred to as the CALM Act. International legislation requiring broadcasters to limit the variance in level between programming and advertised has also been established. Has loudness monitoring reached full maturity, or can we expect refinements to both laws and the technology that ensures broadcasters remain in compliance with them?

TV Technology asked a number of major industry players for their views on this subject, including Chris Shaw, executive vice president sales and marketing for Cobalt Digital, Andrew Sachs, vice president of product management at Volicon, Martin Winsemius, sustaining engineering manager at Wohler, Peter Pörs of Jünger, and Tim Carroll, chief technology officer for the Telos Alliance.

TV Technology: Was loudness monitoring a hot topic at the 2014 NAB show?


Chris Shaw

Chris Shaw: Most U.S. broadcasters believe they provide CALM-compliant programming but that’s debatable. Besides a number of broadcasting groups adding loudness processing cards (Cobalt’s 9085, 9985 and options for cards in their possession), into their openGear frames, the initial impetus has slowed.

This is certainly not the case in many other areas of the world. Continual requests are being received for both broadband and loudness over IP solutions. At this time, Latin America, South Korea, Southeast Asia and India are growth markets for loudness processing. Broadcasters in these regions understand that they have to be compliant when transmitting programming to major markets such as U.S. and Europe. Interest from these markets is expected during the upcoming IBC Show.

Peter Pörs: Loudness is still a hot topic; a lot of misunderstanding remains, and a lot of misalignments. Make it pleasant for the ears and you will see; you are almost compliant to the recommendations!

Andrew Sachs: There is still confusion. Between measuring full mix or downmix, changes to the referenced BS-1770 version and actual compliant—but for the objectively loud commercials—we are not done with the task.

Martin Winsemius: My general impressions were that loudness is more understood now, and accepted as a necessary evil by our customers, a problem to be dealt with rather than avoided. For loud commercials in the U.S., and everything elsewhere, pushback to the provider is common practice now. It should have been all along, but now the agency enforcement threat outweighs business pressures.

TV Technology: What are the most common misperceptions regarding loudness monitoring?


Tim Carroll

Tim Carroll: One of the most common misconceptions about loudness metering is that the loudness value should never vary from the target. The only way to accomplish this is to remove the dynamic range (i.e. the life) from a mix; or to accidentally broadcast test tones. Neither is a career expanding move.

Another misconception is that a loudness meter is intended to replace all other metering; it is not. A loudness meter is like a speedometer in a car, you glance at it as needed, but mostly you focus on the road. Similarly, live loudness metering is integrated over a period of time—often 10 seconds—it is useless for seeing sudden changes but very useful for maintaining a comfortable balance.


Andrew Sachs

Andrew Sachs: One common misperception is that it is desirable to be alerted the instant an output is found to be too loud. The reality is that the ‘too high loudness’ of specific assets is usually an audio production chain problem that is best fixed with updated processes.

Another common misconception is that one cannot assume that being in compliance will translate to an absence of ‘loud’ commercials. In fact, the different loudness yardsticks used for content (speech) and commercials (full mix), combined with the ability to ‘deliver content low,’ enable fully compliant 5-6 dB jumps to occur at the transition from program to commercial.

Chris Shaw: There remains a misunderstanding that loudness is measured (averaged) over the length of a program or session, whether it be a commercial or complete production. In actuality loudness can be above or below the LKFS (LUFS) limit, but is averaged over the complete session. The term ‘loudness’ refers to not only the highest volume, but also the quieter segments of a session.


Peter Pörs

Peter Pörs: People are mixing the numbers of the peak world with loudness numbers. Both values are represented the same way. And that makes it difficult for some people to clearly identify what is what.

TV Technology: Is it possible that Congress, or international bodies, will further refine the regulations that govern loudness?

Andrew Sachs: It’s unlikely the algorithm (BS-1770-3) used for loudness measurement or the CALM Act itself will change significantly, but the application regarding gating (level or speech) and 5.1 tracks (downmix or full mix) specified in the ATSC A/85 RP is still under some flux.

Martin Winsemius: Taking into consideration a variety of factors—amplitude, frequency, and time for all channels within a program—the ITU BS.1770 LKFS (loudness K-weighted relative to full scale) standard is designed to yield an accurate loudness number that can be used effectively in content creation and content monitoring applications. The standard since has been refined, with the latest release being ITU BS.1770-3.

Peter Pörs: I don’t think another kind of regulation can improve the scenario. More important is that all people accept the new way of creating audio programs and that their “artist ego” is focused to audio quality and not to highest loudness. If everybody is trusting his native unstudied listening impression it should become easier to stay compliant with loudness recommendations or regulatory requirements.

TV Technology: What distinguishes your company’s product line from the competition?

Tim Carroll: Linear Acoustic and the entire Telos Alliance will continue to innovate products and technologies to support audio for broadcast, no matter how content is created, delivered, and consumed. Our unique value add is our people: we are proud to be part of every dimension.

Martin Winsemius: Hardware loudness metering/monitoring can take many forms, either standalone or integrated with other necessary audio functions, the latter being the strong suit of Wohler’s AMP2-16V audio and video monitoring unit. The AMP2-16V combines VU, PPM, and loudness metering configurable to popular or custom scales, Wohler’s renowned acoustic performance with a wealth of I/O conversion, routing, mixing, de-embedding and re-embedding functions at no extra charge.

Chris Shaw: From the initial days of the CALM Act and the need for loudness processing, we have worked closely with Linear Acoustic using the Aeromax algorithms, the Cobalt preferred product of choice and the best solution on the market. Also, we have listened to our customers, many of whom had major concerns regarding compliance. The combination has enabled us to provide loudness processing products to meet all budgetary and technical needs.

The Cobalt 9000 series COMPASS cards offer single processing for HD/SD-SDI requirements. The 9900 series of FUSION3G cards provides for multiple processing on a single card. A selection of processing including multiple stereo, 5.1 audio and added upmixing (Linear Acoustic upMax) are all available on these cards to meet endusers needs. Cobalt’s LMNTS provides for multichannel loudness processing over IP/ASI. This unit provides end-users financial and real estate rack economy.

Peter Pörs: All Jünger solutions are real-time algorithms. All of our circuits are wideband, no unwanted side effects, no pumping, no breathing, no distortion, no coloration.

Andrew Sachs: Volicon is unique in combining real-time monitoring, streaming A/V with a variety of measurements, asset-specific program loudness compliance reporting, affidavit production with burned-in measurements, and both full mix and downmix measurements. Together, these capabilities make the Observer Media Intelligence Platform the most complete, easy-to-use monitoring and compliance solution.

- See more at:

Volicon and Grass Valley Partner to Accelerate and Streamline Collaborative Content Repurposing Workflow

Volicon Observer® Capture and Share Applications and Grass Valley EDIUS® Video Editing Software Support New Highly Efficient Workflow for Timely Content Creation and Delivery

Volicon’s partnership with Grass Valley enables the companies’ customers to realize a rapid repurposing workflow in which high-value content is quickly and easily captured, clipped, and edited for delivery to any platform. The Capture and Share applications, part of Volicon’s Observer® Media Intelligence Platform™, and Grass Valley EDIUS® video editing software together enable fast, efficient collaborative production of compelling content for TV, Web, mobile, and social media platforms.

Today’s competitive and economic factors make it critical that content providers establish an efficient and cost-effective way to leverage all available media sources to enhance their service offerings, whether content is broadcasted or delivered over the Internet. The combination of our Capture and Share applications with the EDIUS editing solution from Grass Valley provides an accelerated production pipeline to support the rapid creation and delivery of compelling content.

The Capture application facilitates the continuous real-time capture of high-quality (up to 720p) content from any source — cable set-top boxes, studios, and live camera feeds — at any time and makes it immediately available to users across the enterprise. The Capture application pairs HD H.264 encodes with proxy versions so that both local and remote users, such as remote staff, partners, consultants, outside talent, and reporters in the field, can collaborate seamlessly to review live or previously captured content, clip high-value segments, and push them directly into Grass Valley’s EDIUS video editing software.

Because the Capture application captures a composite feed that marries closed caption data to both the high- and low-resolution versions of the content, users can perform complex searches of all captured content. Capture returns a list of results, each with a representative image and a short excerpt from the closed captioning. The footage is immediately viewable, or frame-accurately sub-clipped and made available to the MAM system for rebroadcast or to the Grass Valley editing system for repurposing.

EDIUS empowers editors with superior real-time workflows in all resolutions. With no rendering and no limitations with respect to the number of audio, video, graphics, and title tracks it supports, the Grass Valley software enables a fluid and rapid creative process that yields a more engaging finished product.

To accelerate content distribution, the Share application provides single-click publishing profiles that facilitate rapid processing of content to meet appropriate container and encoding requirements for an array of platforms, including target websites, YouTube, Twitter, and Facebook. The Share application also makes use of existing closed captioning text to publish content that is compliant with government regulations.

Remote Troubleshooting for the Enterprise, Cable and IPTV Operator, the Usage of Your Consumer Place-Shifting Devices and What Volicon Has to Offer.

Transcribed from a webinar hosted by Itamar Levin, Product Manager

To Listen, click here

So, the Consumer Place-Shifting Devices started coming out in the early 2000’s, and what brought that adoption was internet speed increase.  These devices hooked up to the Set-top box and allowed the owner to watch a TV from anywhere they have an internet connection.  This was really groundbreaking technology at that time, very innovative and it kind of set the expectation of how video could be delivered –  and really paved  the way for OTT.  Soon afterwards, organizations quickly took notice and began deploying these devices widely across the network, whether it was in their labs or remote on man location, with obvious value in the troubleshooting around it.  It allowed for an increase in edge visibility as well as helped troubleshoot interactive and local channel.  It saved a lot of time and money however, it became clear that these devices lacked reliability and manageability and carried hidden cost.

This cost emerged all the way from the installation and deployment phase as well as during device software updates which required knowledgeable technicians to be present.  Besides the device itself, there were other pieces involved; they needed to be configured in order for things to work.  Everything from LAN IP changes, reporting needs to be reconfigured all resulted in frequent downtime and downtime that is usually only detected when you need to use the device.  All in all, with the amount of effort required to manage and maintain these devices, total cost of ownership is significantly higher than first it’s expected.  In fact, there is no tap on these costs over the lifetime of the device.

Fortunately, we have a product, the RPM, which has features that was designed and built for enterprise use.  The RPM probe can connect to anywhere from one to six Set-top boxes, RPM 100 to 600.  Each Set-top box is on IR blaster and IR isolating shelf in order to prevent external interference and as the contact flows from the Set-top box, it is being analyzed and recorded locally on the probe.  The amount of storage that we can record to 7 days minimum, but that can be configured to pretty much any period or any preferred duration.  The probe can work with multiple inputs; can work with positive component inputs or in more advance cases, for example if you want to record AC3, we can take in the component, pass it to a converter and input that at HDMI.  We can also take an HDMI directly from the Set-top box.

The Scout is actually the most affordable RPM Probe platform there is.  It has a 1RU 14 inch chassis and it can be put on the rack or it can be placed anywhere an organization may currently have their current consumer place-shifting device on a cable or work bench.  The Scout can work with the same inputs as the RPM and it comes with 3 days of storage by default.

RPM deployments over a large geographic area can be mixed and matched between the different RPMs that we have.  We can have RPM 400, RPM 300 and Scouts to put it all along the system and it depends on the configuration required.  There’s essential a browser-based server that is used as a single point of access to the system, and manages all the probes and configurations.  It is also responsible for aggregating various help and service messages from the probes and sending them out via SNMP to a default management systems, for example, or via email and SMS.  The entire deployment is connected over a network.  It can be connected over the internet like the current place-shifting device can, or we can actually run in over a VPN, which makes it more secure and easier to deploy and maintain.  The users connect first to the Central Server.  They log in and they get to see the resources they have available to them.  From there, a user can initiate streaming directly from the probe.  One user can have remote control access and the other user can see what’s going on.  Each user has an independent video stream so one user can be paused, the other user can be fast forwarding or playing, and of course, if one user changes the channel, the other user is going to see that channel being changed.  Thus, users can also stream from multiple probes, at the same time, and can see multiple players together at once. When the system is idle, when there are no users logged in for example, there’s no streaming being initiated then there’s no banners being used.

The RPM captures recording, full frame rate video whether it’s SD or on HD, and provides a virtual [MIDI] control interface which allows users to replicate over to customer’s experience. On the RPM system, we can actually pull up the video, we can take remote control ownership by clicking an icon.  What this lets us do is have the remote control ownership and this locks out other users from being able to change the channel at the same time.  Once the piece is up, we can open up our remote control interface and press the button here to change the channel, for example or we can access the shortcuts menu that we have.  We have a shortcuts menu, so we can actually program long sequences of commands.  For example, if you’d like to pull up the OCD dials or any kind of engineering interface on your system and then quickly recall them in the future.  We can see the long presses or if you need to hold the button down for a few seconds, we can limit that as well through this interface.

Another feature that we have is being able to view multiple streams at the same time in the same interface which allows us to quickly troubleshoot in an entire area. Over a certain region, we can all pin up all these players and actually look at what is playing at a certain time.  Click CNN, we hear that CNN is having issues.  In one city, we can open up the CNN in other cities around it and see exactly where the problem lies.

Another feature that differentiates us from the classic consumer place-shifting device is the amount of users that can access the system at the same time.  The current devices are limited to have one user, logged in at a time.  The Observer RPM allows users to troubleshoot with multiple people.  People all over the internet can connect to the devices to help troubleshoot a problem.

One thing with the storage, because we store all the contacts that’s coming from that Set-top box, we can actually then go back and recall, so think of it as DVR.  Users can go back into the system and actually request to see any time period from the past few days and look at exactly what was playing.  This also allows us to go back in time and with multiple players at the same time, and we can see exactly what was going on then.  We have this feature called Sync-To-Me, so once we navigate with one clear to a certain time, we can actually click on Sync-To-Me which synchronizes the rest of the players to that specific time.  This is like a time machine.

This configuration is probably the most affordable solution.  If you’re looking for a way to remotely troubleshoot multiple Set-top boxes that are all in the same location.  This allows us to essentially hook up pretty much an unlimited amount at Set-top boxes with single RPM, the Scout for example and through their interface, we can switch between those Set-top boxes.

Another thing that differentiates us from these devices is that the RPM is built for the enterprise, so when users logged into our system, all the user management is done in the central server rather than per device.  We have roll-based permission and we can even further integrate with your existing authentication systems in order to provide features like single sign up.  If you’re not integrated with your [LBAP] or active directory, we can have our own user management and we can edit each of the groups and give them the permission to specifically model your companies or organization hierarchy.

We also offer constant health monitoring and service monitors, so for example, if communication is lost with the central server, the central server will send out an alarm. Same thing if a video was lost on the Scout, for example. If the Set-top box is disconnected, there was technician there, or if somebody knocked out the Set-top box, we can actually detect that, send a message to SNMP or email, and notify you that this resource is no longer online.  If that communication is restored or if the videos have been recovered, we’ll also send a clear message on them.

Finally, I’ll talk about a little bit about the RPM reliability compared to place-shifting device.  The RPM is built to last, so it’s a professional equipment and we’ve designed it to work 24-7.  It has the enterprise, ECC memory enterprise, hard drives enterprise, motherboard server components, they’re all going to increase the lifetime of the device way pass any of the consumer placing devices you have today.

Okay, so this is where it gets interesting.  When you’re not using the devices, they’re essentially just sitting there doing nothing.  What we have is ability to do proactive scanning and be able to go through all your channels and pass them for black screen, static screen and various audio level and if they surpass a certain threshold that we specify, we will send out an alert, so this actually makes use of your equipment already and you can find the problem before your customers do.  We also offer Advanced Interactive Channel Scanning by providing a Pattern Matching System.  This system allows you to navigate the complex VOD and menus that you may have, so you can quickly access an asset or test your VOD play out.  This can also be used, for example for the new OTT in Cloud services that are offered to test their delivery to the Set-top box.

Another feature of the monitoring is the ability to automatically determine if an issue is isolated to a probe, a group, or to entire system, so if we have these problems on any channel, or across an area, we can increase the priority of a particular alert to let you know that this issue is not just isolated at one location.  Again, because we have this DVR capability; because we’re recording everything that’s coming out of the Set-top box, we have a record of every service visit, we have a record of every fault that happened, so not just getting an alert saying, “Oh, okay.”  We had a static screen.  You’re going to get an image of it and then you can even log in and view the actual video of it, as it’s happening.  For example, users can view the existing open issues, the recoveries, so over time, we can see an issue for example, at night, a service goes out but if it comes back in, we’ll recover, and we’ll send a recovery message upon it.

Another one of our features is the ability to do Loudness monitoring and Loudness measurements.  The strength of this is that we have the content and we have the measurements.  We’re able to do seven short form measurements and seven long form measurements at the same time, which makes it almost ridiculously easy to do a spot check.  If you want to see a 24-hour period spot check, we can quickly look at the measurements. So over 24-hour period of time, we can quickly find spikes where it’s potentially out of compliance, and we can determine if that was a commercial or is that a regular content.   Basically, when in finding these peaks, and if you determined that it’s a commercial, we can dig further in by zooming in, to determine if it was commercial.  You can do full 24-hours spot checks in a matter of minutes using this method.

Few last things, I’d also discuss triggering.  Triggering allows us to accept external trigger, the external events and react to those events.  We have an API that can accept SNMP.  It can accept HTTP and what it allows us is to react to the external events for example, off the hook, transport stream analyzer.

The RPM is a software platform.  It means that we’re inherently flexible into making changes to this system.  The company has been around for a long time, for 10 years now and we’re consistently delivering software updates and enhancements to the RPM.  We have a lot of new features on the roadmap and we’re excited to work with you and grow with your changing needs. Please contact us for more information.